What Agreement Did Congress Come To In The Missouri Compromise...




However, when the Missouri Constitutional Convention authorized the federal legislature to exclude blacks and free mulaats, a new crisis occurred. A sufficient number of members of Congress in the North opposed the racial provision asking Clay to formulate the second compromise on Missouri. On March 2, 1821, Congress declared that Missouri could only be admitted to the Union if it had agreed that the exclusion clause would never be interpreted in such a way as to satisfy the privileges and immunities of American citizens. Missouri agreed and on August 10, 1821 became the 24th state. Maine had been approved the previous year on March 15. The following summer, considerable public opinion was gathered in the North in support of Tallmadge`s proposal. Much of this anti-Missouri atmosphere, as it was called, was born out of the true belief that slavery was morally false. Political opportunity has been mixed with moral convictions. Many prominent anti-Missouri men had been active in the federalist party, which appeared to be in the process of disintegration; she was accused of looking for a problem to rebuild her party. Federalist leaders of the anti-Missouri group have pushed some northern Democrats to reconsider their support for the Tallmadge amendment and to support a compromise that would undermine the federalist party`s stimulus efforts. Missouri renewed its state request in 1820. Once again, a controversial debate has provoked anger and bitterness on a number of issues: industrial development, trade and customs policy, and – always – slavery. Seeking a way to resolve the dispute and avoid disagreements, Speaker Clay appealed for a compromise to allow slavery in Missouri, while recognizing Maine as a free state.

This so-called Missouri compromise drew a line from east to west along the 36th parallel, and divided the nation into competing halves – half free, half slave. The House of Representatives passed the draft compromise on March 2, 1820. The majorities of the House have not broken down into political domination. The point of rotation and attainment of diesatose lay in the Senate, where the constitutional compromise of 1787 had provided for two senators per state, regardless of its population. The South, with its free population smaller than the North, has benefited from this regulation. Since 1815, the division of senate sections has been reached by twin admissions that left the North and South in 11 states during the application of the Missouri Territory. [57] Even after Alabama was granted the state without a ban on slavery in December 1819, Congress remained blocked on the Missouri issue. Finally, a compromise was reached. On March 3, 1820, Congress passed a law that granted Missouri Statehood as a slave state, provided that slavery was banned forever in the rest of Louisiana Purchase, north of the 36th parallel, which runs along the southern missouri border. In addition, Maine, a former massachusetts member, was admitted as a free state, which helped to maintain the balance between the northern and southern senators.

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