Locarno Pact Or Agreement 1925...




The Treaties of Locarno were seven agreements negotiated from 5 to 16 October 1925 in Locarno (Switzerland) and officially signed on 1 December in London, in which Western European allies of the First World War and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe attempted to ensure territorial settlement after the war, in exchange for the normalization of relations with the German Empire (Weimar Republic). It was also said that Germany would never go to war with other countries. Locarno divided Europe`s borders into two categories: the western borders guaranteed by the Locarno contracts and the East German borders with Poland, which were open for revision. Locarno`s contracts included arbitration agreements between Germany and France, Belgium, Poland and Czechoslovakia. However, there should be no “Eastern Locarno.” Instead, there have been new mutual assistance agreements between France and France and Czechoslovakia to compensate for the lack of German guarantee for their eastern borders. Most importantly, the Rhine pact obliged Britain and Italy to address any violation of the existing borders between Belgium and Germany, as well as France and Germany, and provided for conciliation to settle future disputes. These five Rhineland powers forged war with each other (except that France would help Poland in the event of German aggression). Once Germany joined the League of Nations (as in 1926), violations of the pact and subsequent arbitrations would be referred to the League Council. German Foreign Minister Gustav Stresemann has given the highest priority to restoring German prestige and The privileges of a First European nation. The French withdrawal from the Ruhr occupation was planned for January 1925, but Stresemann felt that France was very nervous about its safety and could cancel the withdrawal.

After understanding that France was eager for a British guarantee of its post-war borders, but that London was hesitant, Stresemann came up with a plan that conveyed to all parties what they wanted: a series of contracts promised these guarantees. When the British Foreign Secretary, Austen Chamberlain, heard this proposal, he enthusiastically accepted it. France understood that its occupation of the Ruhr had caused a great deal of financial and diplomatic damage. [1] In October 1925, the foreign ministers met in Locarno, Switzerland, where they agreed on the treaties.